What is Ovarian Fibroma?Ovarian fibroma is a benign tumour arising from the stromal part of the ovary. It is a rare tumour that affects women between the ages of 42 to postmenopausal age (Age of women after permanent cessation of menstruation).
What are Fibromas?Fibromas are non-cancerous tumours that form from fibrous or connective tissues. They can grow in all organs.
Disease Etiology (Causes)There is no well-known cause.
Disease EpidemiologyIt is a rare tumour and makes approximately 4% of all cancers of the ovary. The mean age for the development of ovarian fibroma is 52 years.
Signs and SymptomsOvarian fibroma usually shows no signs or symptoms. In few cases, abdominal pain is found in patients with ovarian fibroma.
DiagnosisFollowing diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Serum tumour markers
- Imaging techniques like ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Pelvic examination through per- speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.