What is Ovarian Cystadenofibroma?Ovarian cystadenofibroma is a type of benign tumour of the ovary. It commonly develops in females between the ages of 15-65 years of age. Ovarian cystadenofibroma makes up approximately 1.7% of all benign tumours of the ovary.
What are Ovaries?The ovaries are an important part of the human reproductive system. The ovaries are small glands located on either side of the uterus through a tubular structure called the fallopian tubes. The ovaries produce eggs and hormones in females. These eggs are used for producing offspring.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause; however certain genetic mutations (faulty alteration in the genes) and chromosomal disorders are also responsible for the development of ovarian cystadenofibroma.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain or discomfort in the right lower part of the abdomen
- Decrease in the appetite
- Irregular menstruations
- Swelling or lump in the abdomen or pelvic region
- Pain, pressure or feeling of fullness in the abdomen(belly)
DiagnosisFollowing diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Serum tumour markers
- Imaging techniques like ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Pelvic examination through per-speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.