What is Oligoastrocytoma (Spinal Cord)?Oligoastrocytoma (spinal cord) is a rare type of tumour that arises from the astrocytes in the spinal cord. It usually affects the children and younger population. It is predominantly more common in males as compared to females. Oligoastrocytoma usually originates from the cervical (upper spine) and thoracic vertebrae (middle spine) of the spinal cord.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause however certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of oligoastrocytoma of the brain. It is associated with a condition known as neurofibromatosis type 1.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the back
- Difficulty in walking or writing
- Weakness of a single or both sides of the body
- Weakness of the muscles of the arms and legs
- Urine incontinence (occasional leakage of urine while coughing, sneezing, and laughing)
- Fecal incontinence (occasional leakage of stool while coughing and passing gas)
- Loss of sensation of hearing, vision, smell, and taste
- Changes in behaviour and personality
- Nausea, vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Mental confusion
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology