What is Non-Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Lung?Non-mucinous adenocarcinoma of the lung is a rare type of lung cancer. It is more common in women than in men. The tumour tends to spread to lymph nodes and to other distant parts of the body. The general signs and symptoms of non-mucinous adenocarcinoma of the lung are similar to other types of lung cancer with complaints of persistent coughing and shortness of breath.
Disease Etiology (Causes)There is no definite well-known cause. However, certain genetic mutations (alteration or deletion in normal genes or chromosomes) and long-term cigarette smoking are potential risk factors for the development of adenocarcinoma lung.
Signs and SymptomsSigns and symptoms depend on the extent and spread of the disease to other organs or parts of the body. If the cancer is limited to the lungs, the patient will only experience signs and symptoms of the respiratory system. At the same time, in cases where this cancer spreads to other parts of the body, the patient also experiences B symptoms of cancer.
General Respiratory Symptoms of Non-Mucinous Adenocarcinoma Lung
- Persistent cough
- Dyspnea (shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing)
- Chest pain that worsens with coughing, laughing and breathing deeply
- Coughing up blood
- Wheezing without having an asthma history
- Clubbing of the fingers and nails (A physical sign characterized by a bulging extension at the ends of one or more fingers or toes).
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
- Bone pains
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy ( lung tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of lung tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology