What is a Mixed Germ Cell Tumour (Spinal Cord)?
Mixed Germ cell tumour (spinal cord) is a rare type of tumour that arises due to the failure of germ cells (eggs and sperms) to reach ovaries and testicles during the embryonic stage of life and start growing abnormally in the spinal cord and form a tumour. Mixed germ cell tumours usually develop in the ovaries or testicles but can also develop in the brain, chest, and abdomen. In most cases, it develops in children but can affect people of any age.
There is no well-known cause; however developmental birth defects of the brain and spinal cord, genital systems, and urinary systems can contribute to the development of mixed germ cell tumours of the spinal cord.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the back
- Difficulty in walking or writing
- Weakness of a single or both sides of the body
- Weakness of the muscles of the arms and legs
- Urine incontinence (occasional leakage of urine while coughing, sneezing, and laughing)
- Fecal incontinence (occasional leakage of stool while coughing and passing gas)
- Loss of sensation of hearing, vision, smell, and taste
- Changes in behaviour and personality
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology
Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy are the main treatment option for spinal cord tumours because it preserves the neurological functions of the spinal cord. The other treatment options are surgical removal of the tumour and targeted immunotherapy.
What Support can we Give for Mixed Germ Cell Tumour (Spinal Cord)?
Mixed germ cell Tumour (Spinal Cord) is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Mixed germ cell Tumour (Spinal Cord), we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:
Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: