What are Germ Cell Tumours?
Germ cell tumours develop from reproductive cells such as the ovaries and testes. Germ cell tumours usually develop in people between the ages of 11 to 30 years. There are two main types of germ cell tumours of the brain. These are Germinomas and Non-germinomas tumor.
What is a Mixed Germ cell Tumour of the Brain?
A mixed germ cell tumor of the brain is a tumor that is the combination of both germinoma and non-germinomatous tumor cells. Mixed germ cell tumor usually originates from the pineal gland and pituitary gland areas of the brain. Mixed germ cell tumors of the brain may be benign or malignant.
There is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations (faulty alteration in the genes) are considered responsible for the development of mixed germ cell tumors of the brain.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Constant Fatigue
- Blurred or double vision (Things looks blurred or doubled)
- Difficulty in focusing on objects
- Difficulty in maintain balance
- Difficulty in coordinating movements of the body especially arms and legs
- Enlargement of the head or increased fluid in the head (Hydrocephalus)
- Hormonal disturbances
- Delayed onset of puberty
- Stunted growth (shorter height for age)
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Using other imaging techniques such as CNS (central nervous system) USG (ultrasonography), X-rays, computed tomography, MRI, and PET to determine the characteristics of tumors, their location, size, and the extent to the regional and distant parts of the body.
- Tumor Biopsy
- Spinal fluid aspiration cytology
- Tumor markers test
Chemotherapy along with radiation therapy is the main treatment option in the majority of the cases of mixed germ cell tumors of the brain.
What Support can we Give for Mixed Germ cell Tumour of the Brain?
Mixed Germ cell Tumour of the Brain is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Mixed Germ cell Tumour of the Brain, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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