What is a Malignant Hemangiopericytoma or Solitary Fibrous Tumor?Malignant hemangiopericytoma or solitary fibrous tumors belong to the group of benign (non-malignant) or malignant (malignant) soft tissue or mesenchymal tumors. A solitary fibrous tumor usually occurs in the lungs, meninges, and other soft tissues of the body. Malignant solitary fibrous tumors are larger and tend to metastasize (spread of the tumor to other parts of the body from the place of its origin).
Disease Etiology (Causes)There is no well-known cause.
Disease EpidemiologySolitary fibroids accounted for approximately 1-2% of all soft tissue tumors. They mainly develop in adults, whose average age is 45-50 years. They are rare in infants and children.
Signs and SymptomsSigns and symptoms vary according to the location of the tumor.
Signs and Symptoms of Pleural (Lungs) Solitary Fibrous Tumor / (Pleural SFT)
- Pain in chest
- Difficulty in breathing
- Symptoms of Low blood glucose levels (hypoglycemia)
Signs and Symptoms of Solitary Fibrous Tumor Of Limbs (Arms And Legs)Deep-seated enlarge painless mass in the thigh, armpit or pelvis
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic techniques and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis these are
- Diagnostic imaging techniques such as USG, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan can be used to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy (FNAC)
- Histo-pathological examination