What is Intestinal Lymphoma of the Small Intestine?Lymphoma of the small intestine is a type of cancer that originates from the lymphatic system of the body due to the abnormal growth of the white blood cells. The lymphatic system is a widespread system of lymph nodes and the lymphatic system that makes the immune system of the body and protects it from viruses, bacteria, and other infectious agents and foreign bodies. Lymphatic vessels of the lymphatic system carry lymph a clear fluid that contains infection-fighting cells.
Disease CausesSmall intestinal lymphoma is usually associated with celiac disease and immunodeficiency syndrome. Patients having immuno-deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) are at a greater risk of developing lymphoma of the small intestine.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the abdomen which gets worse after eating
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blood in the stool
- Severe constipation
- Constant fever
- Constant feeling of tiredness
- Loss of appetite
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Ultrasound (USG) of the abdomen
- Endoscopic examination of the anus, rectum, small intestine, and large intestine. Endoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to visualize the internal organs of the body directly through the endoscope.
- Computed tomography (CT-pelvis) helps to differentiate the types of cells involved in cancer
- Biopsy of the lesion/tumour and histopathological examination
- Barium Meal