What is Germinoma Of The Brain?
A germinoma is cancer that usually arises from the germ cells (eggs and sperm) of the male and female reproductive organs. These eggs and sperms usually move to the ovaries and testes during fetal life. But in some people, during fetal life, they cannot migrate to their proper organs and places and begin to multiply in the brain and spinal cord. These tumors or cancers are called brain germinomas.
It is a rare brain cancer in children and adolescents. The five-year treatment survival rate is 85%. It is slightly more common in men than in women. The average age of development of cerebral germinoma ranges from 10 to 21 years. In 22% of cases, it can spread to other distant parts of the body.
Disease Etiology (Causes)
The inability of gonadal cells (sperm and egg cells) to migrate to the right place, that is migration of eggs in ovaries and sperm in the testes during fetal life, is the main cause of cerebral germinoma.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms vary depending on the size and location of the tumor in the brain. The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Constant headache
- Changes in mood and behavior
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests such as X-Ray, CT-scan (computerized tomography), PET-scan (Positron emission tomography) help detect the site, size, and location of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy and histopathological examination
Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the main treatment options for advanced cases of germinoma brain.
What Support can we Give Germinoma Of The Brain?
Germinoma Of The Brain is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Germinoma Of The Brain we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: