What is the Ganglioglioma of the Spinal Cord?Ganglioglioma of the spinal cord is a rare type of slow-growing tumour that develops from the abnormal growth of the glial cell and neuronal elements of the spinal cord. It usually affects the younger population with a mean age of 21 years. It is slightly more common in males as compared to females.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of ganglioglioma of the spinal cord. Moreover, prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays, certain chemicals, ionizing radiation or poor diet, and prolonged stressful conditions can trigger these hereditary and genetic tendencies that are responsible for the development of ganglioglioma of the spinal cord.
Signs and SymptomsThe symptoms of anaplastic astrocytoma of the brain depend upon the site, size, and extent of the tumour. Most of the symptoms develop due to the increased pressure of the tumour on the deep and nearby parts of the brain. Anaplastic astrocytoma of the brain develops over a prolonged period but grows rapidly. The common symptoms are
- Pain in the back
- Constant feeling of tiredness
- Difficulty in walking and writing
- Loss of sensory ability from arms and legs
- Urinary dribbling/leakage
- Difficulty in emptying the urinary bladder
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology