What is Ganglioglioma of the Spinal Cord (Backbone)?Ganglioglioma of the spinal cord is a rare type of tumour that originates from the abnormal growth of the glial and neuronal (nerves and cords) elements of the spinal cord. It is a rare tumour and only accounts for 5% of all tumours of the brain and spinal cord. These tumours usually involve most of the spinal cord, often involving more than 8 vertebrae in the spinal cord. These tumours usually involve a greater portion of the spinal cord often involving more than 8 vertebras of the spinal cord. Ganglioglioma of the spinal cord commonly develops in children and young adults, with the mean age for the development of the disease being 19 years. It is equally common in both males and females.
Disease Etiology (Causes)There is no well-known cause of the ganglioglioma brain and spinal cord. Some childhood genetic disorders, named neurofibromatosis 1 and tuberous sclerosis, have a greater potential for ganglioglioma to develop.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- One-sided body weakness
- Weakness of the arms and legs
- Pain in the back
- Sensory changes
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- (Computerized tomography) CT-scan, PET scan, and MRI are standard imaging techniques to rule out ganglioglioma of the spinal cord.