What is Ependymoblastoma of the Brain?Ependymoblastoma is a rare type of brain cancer that usually develops in children and babies. Ependymoblastoma is a type of embryonal tumour of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) that start during fetal life in the brain or spinal cord of the fetus. These tumours can occur at any age but most commonly these develop in young children and babies under 1 year of age. It shows a poor prognosis (likely course of the disease) with 5 years survival rate ranging from 0-30%.
Disease causesThere is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of ependymoblastoma brain.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Constant headache
- Inability to maintain body balance or loss of balance
- Difficulty in speaking, abnormal or slurred speech
- Vision loss or double vision
- Body weakness
- Weakness of one side of the body
- Pain in the lower part of the back
- Weakness on the one side of the face
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests such as X-Ray, CT-scan (computerized tomography), PET-scan (Positron emission tomography) help detect the site, size, and location of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy and histopathological examination