What is Endometrial Carcinoma?
Endometrial Carcinoma is a type of uterine cancer that originates from the inner lining of the uterus named endometrium. It develops due to the abnormal proliferation of the endometrial cells. So, proliferation is an abnormally fast cell division or multiplication.
In the United States, the age-adjusted incidence rate is 25 cases per 100,000 populations. The death rate due to endometrial cancer is higher in black women as compared to white, Asian, and Pacific island women. This can develop during reproductive age (childbearing age) and after menopause (cessation of menstruation).
There is no exact known cause, however, some risk factors, such as obesity, nulliparity (a woman who never gave birth to a baby), delayed menopause, hormone replacement therapy, cigarette smoking, the use of combined oral contraceptives and some anticancer drugs such as Tamoxifen may contribute to the development of endometrial carcinoma.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms are;
- Pain in the pelvic region ( hip, the lower part of the trunk)
- Bleeding from the vagina in between periods.
- Vaginal bleeding after the menopause
- In some cases, vaginal bleeding can also occur during intercourse.
Diagnosis and Treatment
For diagnosis, we can use the following diagnostic tests and procedures. These are;
- Physical examination of the external genital organs (vulva) and internal genital organs (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) using a bimanual examination or per-speculum examination.
- Hysteroscopy: It is a procedure used to diagnose and treat the causes of abnormal vaginal bleeding. Hysteroscopy is performed using a hysteroscopy, a thin, lighted tube that is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and the inner side of the uterus.
- Endometrial biopsy
Hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries), chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and targeted drug therapy. Besides, choosing the right option depends on the stage of cancer and the desire to maintain the reproductive system.
What Support can we Give for Endometrial Carcinoma?
Endometrial Carcinoma is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Endometrial Carcinoma, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:
Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways:
Donations — Without a Ribbon is grateful when we receive every donation. Giving to Without a Ribbon helps us to provide ongoing support, organise the annual gathering and subsidise the costs of our Warriors attending these conferences.
Sponsorship — If you wish to sponsor our charity, please contact us using this form.
Volunteering — We are always looking for volunteers to help with different aspects of running our charity. So, if you are looking for volunteer work, please feel free to contact us.