What is a Carcinoid Tumor of The Appendix?Carcinoid tumor of the appendix is a type of neuroendocrine tumor of the appendix. It is the most common type of cancer in the appendix. It approximately accounts for half of the appendix tumor. Carcinoid tumors of the appendix show a good prognosis (likely course of the disease) at early stages. It is slightly more prevalent in women than in men.
What is the Neuroendocrine Tumor?A neuroendocrine tumor is an uncontrolled multiplication or division of cells that release hormones into the blood in response to a signal from the nervous system.
Disease Etiology (Causes)There is no well-known cause; however, it is believed that a particular gene mutation (mistaken gene change) is responsible for the development of carcinoid tumors in the appendix.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Usually, a carcinoid tumor of the appendix causes no sign and symptoms
- Severe and constant pain in the abdomen
- Distension of the abdomen
- Abdominal bloating
- Pain in the right lower part of the abdomen
- Feeling of fullness even after eating a small amount of food
- Loss of appetite
DiagnosisA diagnosis can be made through by
- Complete blood count (CBC)
- Blood coagulation profile
- BUN ( blood urea and nitrogen)
- Serum creatinine
- Liver function tests LFT’s
- Amylase and lipase values
- Imaging techniques like CT-scan, MRI, PET-scan, X-Ray, and USG to detect the site and size of the tumor.
- Preoperative biopsy