What is Brenner’s Tumour of the Ovary?Brenner’s tumor of the ovary is a rare type of ovarian cancer that arises from the epithelial cells that line the surface of the ovary. It usually has no signs or symptoms and is found incidentally during a routine medical examination. The mean age for the development of disease is 50 years.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause; however certain hereditary and genetic mutations in the genes are responsible for the development of Brenner tumor of the ovary.
Signs and SymptomsIt usually has no signs or symptoms and is found incidentally during a routine medical examination. However, in symptomatic cases, the patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the abdomen or pelvis
- Mass in the abdomen or pelvis
- Bleeding from vagina
DiagnosisFollowing diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Serum tumor markers
- Levels of lactate dehydrogenase
- Imaging techniques like ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Pelvic examination through per- speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.