What is the Benign Fibroma of Mediastinum?Fibroma is a tumour that is non-cancerous and originates from the muscle cells layer or neuron cells of the nervous system that supply the posterior and anterior regions of the mediastinum. Although the fibroma of the mediastinum is non-cancerous in origin it can cause serious complications due to putting pressure on underlying vital organs. Although it is a benign tumour it tends to invade the local structures and underlying blood vessels.
What is Mediastinum?The mediastinum is a space in the thorax that contains the heart, thymus gland, portions of the esophagus trachea, and other structures.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of benign fibroma of the mediastinum. Signs and symptoms The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Difficulty in breathing
- Pain in the chest
- Unexplained weight loss
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG guided fine needle aspiration cytology