What is Anaplastic Astrocytoma of the brain?
Anaplastic astrocytoma is a rare cancerous tumour of the brain which originates from the star-shaped cells of the brain called astrocytes. These astrocyte brain cells surround and protect the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord.
There is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations (faulty alteration in the genes) are considered responsible for the development of mixed germ cell tumours of the brain.
Anaplastic astrocytoma of the brain is more common in females than males. It usually develops in people between the ages of 30-50 years of age.
Signs and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of the tumour depend upon the site of origination and the size of the tumour. Most of the symptoms develop due to the increased pressure of the tumour at the site of its origination in the brain or due to the blockage of the fluid-filled spaces in the brain. Common symptoms of the anaplastic astrocytoma of the brain are;
- Difficulty in speaking
- Loss of vision
- Constant feeling of tiredness
- Paralysis of the one side of the body if tumour develop in that area of the brain that deals with the movements of the body
- Numbness and weakness of the arms and legs
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Using other imaging techniques such as CNS (central nervous system) USG (ultrasonography), X-rays, computed tomography, MRI, and PET to determine the characteristics of tumours, their location, size, and the extent to the regional and distant parts of the body.
- Tumour Biopsy
- Spinal fluid aspiration cytology
- Tumour markers test
Surgical removal of the tumour is the main treatment option. However, in advanced metastatic cases, Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the recommended treatment options.
What Support can we Give for Anaplastic Astrocytoma of the brain?
Anaplastic Astrocytoma of the brain is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Anaplastic Astrocytoma of the brain, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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