What is Adenocarcinoma of the Renal Pelvis?Adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis is a rare type of cancer, accounting for less than 1% of kidney cancers, and originates from the glandular tissue of the renal pelvis. Adenocarcinomas are a type of cancer that arises from the tissues that make up the inner lining of certain organs of the body and secretes secretions or substances in the body such as mucus, digestive juices, and other fluids and secretions.
What is Renal Pelvis?The renal pelvis is the central area of the kidney; urine collects in the renal pelvis and through ureters goes into the urinary bladder.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, however certain hereditary and genetic mutations along with the prolonged use of medicinal and other harmful substances that irritate the tissues of the kidney are considered responsible for the development of adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis. It is more common in males than females. It usually affects people older than 65 years of age.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the back
- Mass on side of the back
- Blood in the urine
- Frequent desire to pass urine
- Pain while passing urine
- Unintentional weight loss
- Constant Fever
- Constant Fatigue
- Loss of appetite
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Physical examination and complete medical history
- Ultrasound (USG), CT scan, MRI, and PRET-scan of the abdomen
- Biopsy of the lesion/tumor and histopathological examination
- Barium Meal
- Renal functions tests (RFTs)
- Liver function tests (LFTs)
- Complete blood count (CBC)