What is Acinar Cell Carcinoma?Acinar Cell Carcinoma is a rare form of cancer that affects the pancreas. It is a form of exocrine tumour, which means it begins in the exocrine (enzyme-producing) cells of the pancreas. Acinar Cell Carcinoma accounts for around 1-5% of pancreatic cancers in adults. This makes it very rare.
Causes and Risk Factors for Acinar Cell Carcinoma:It is difficult to determine an exact cause for cancers such as Acinar Cell Carcinoma. However, several risk factors have been tied to this form of cancer. A risk factor is something that increases the likelihood of Acinar Cell Carcinoma. Risk factors do not guarantee that Acinar Cell Carcinoma will occur. Below are some of the most common risk factors associated with Acinar Cell Carcinoma:
- Age – Acinar Cell Carcinoma is most common in adults, particularly people over 60 years of age. The most common (mean) age for it to occur is 62 years. ACC is rare in youth and children
- Gender – Men are more likely to be diagnosed with Acinar Cell Carcinoma. They make up around 85% of cases.
- Lipase hypersecretion syndrome –Lipase hypersecretion syndrome is a rare disorder resulting from neoplastic exocrine excess. It is present in 10% of ACC cases.
Symptoms of Acinar Cell Carcinoma:Acinar Cell Carcinoma has a high chance of metastasis. This means that it can spread to other parts of the body very quickly. For this reason, it is important that if you have any concerns, you see a doctor as soon as possible. The cancer’s high rate of metastasis also means that people with ACC may experience different symptoms depending on where the tumour has spread to. Below are some of the most common symptoms associated with Acinar Cell Carcinoma:
- Weight loss – Sudden, unexpected loss of body weight has been linked to Acinar Cell Carcinoma.
- Abdominal pain – As cancer progresses, patients will often feel noticeable pains in their lower abdomen and stomach.
- Nausea – Sufferers of ACC are likely to experience nausea and vomiting.